JARDÍN COSMOPOLITA

Glossy abelia

Abelia x grandiflora

Oriental/Asian

Chinese lantern

Abutilon pictum

American

Long-leaved wattle

Acacia longifolia

Oceania

Coojong

Acacia saligna

Oceania

Acanthus

Acanthus mollis

Oriental/Asian

Ash-leaved maple

Acer negundo

American

Ash-leaved maple

Acer negundo var. 'argenteo-variegatum'

American

Sycamore

Acer pseudoplatanus

European/Mediterranean

Bushman's poison

Acokanthera oblongifolia

African

Venus hair fern

Adiantum capillus-veneris

European/Mediterranean

Tree aeonium

Aeonium arboreum

African

Horse-Chesnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Oriental/Asian

Red horse-chestnut

Aesculus x carnea

European/Mediterranean

Agapanthus

Agapanthus umbellatus

African

Century plant

Agave americana

American

Tree of heaven

Ailanthus altissima

Oriental/Asian

Persian silk tree

Albizia julibrissin

Oriental/Asian

Silk tree

Albizia procera

Oriental/Asian

Common hollyhock

Alcea rosea

Oriental/Asian

Giant upright elephant ear

Alocasia odora / A. macrorrhizos

Oriental/Asian

Soap aloe

Aloe maculata

African

True aloe

Aloe vera

Oriental/Asian

Lemon verbena

Aloysia citriodora

American

Shell ginger

Alpinia zerumbet

Oriental/Asian

Pineapple

Ananas comosus

American

Cherimoya

Annona cherimola

American

Brazilian pine

Araucaria angustifolia

American

Araucaria

Araucaria araucana / Araucaria spp.

American

Bunya pine

Araucaria bidwillii

Oceania

Cook pine

Araucaria columnaris

Oceania

Hoop pine

Araucaria cunninghamii

Oceania

Strawberry tree

Arbutus unedo

European/Mediterranean

Alexander palm

Archontophoenix alexandrae

Oceania

Sprenger's Asparagus

Asparagus aethiopicus

African

Plume asparagus

Asparagus densiflorus

African

Lace fern

Asparagus setaceus

African

Bar room plant

Aspidistra spp.

Oriental/Asian

Spotted laurel

Aucuba japonica

Oriental/Asian

Bamboo

Bambuseae (tribu)

Oriental/Asian

Brazilian orchid tree

Bauhinia forficata

American

Orchid tree

Bauhinia variegata / B. purpurea

Oriental/Asian

Elephant's foot

Beaucarnea recurvata

American

Chenault barberry

Berberis x chenaultii

Oriental/Asian

Leather bergenia

Bergenia crassifolia

Oriental/Asian

Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea spp.

American

Illawarra flame tree

Brachychiton acerifolius

Oceania

Kurrajong

Brachychiton populneus

Oceania

Paper mulberry

Broussonetia papyrifera

Oriental/Asian

Angel's trumpet

Brugmansia arborea

American

Angel's trumpet

Brugmansia suaveolens

American

Smokebush

Buddleya madagascariensis

African

Jelly palm

Butia capitata

American

Balearic boxwood

Buxus balearica

European/Mediterranean

Boxwood

Buxus sempervirens

European/Mediterranean

Bird of paradise

Caesalpinia gilliesii

American

Limpiatubos, Escobillón rojo

Callistemon spp.

Oceania

Trumpet creeper

Campsis radicans

American

Indian shot

Canna spp.

American

Pendulous sedge

Carex pendula

European/Mediterranean

European hornbeam

Carpinus betulus

European/Mediterranean

Pecan

Carya illinoinensis

American

Yellow oleander

Cascabela thevetia

American

Coast sheoak

Casuarina equisetifolia

Oceania

Cigar tree

Catalpa bignonioides

American

Cedar

Cedrus atlantica

European/Mediterranean

Cedar

Cedrus deodara

Oriental/Asian

Silk floss tree

Ceiba speciosa

American

Silver cock's comb

Celosia plumosa

Oriental/Asian

Mediterraneam hackberry

Celtis australis

European/Mediterranean

Common hackberry

Celtis occidentalis

American

Velvet centaurea

Centaurea cineraria

European/Mediterranean

Carob tree

Ceratonia siliqua

European/Mediterranean

Judas tree

Cercis siliquastrum

European/Mediterranean

Red cestrum

Cestrum elegans

American

Red cestrum

Cestrum fasciculatum

American

Lady of the night

Cestrum nocturnum

American

Maule's quince

Chaenomeles japonica

Oriental/Asian

Chinese Flowering Quince

Chaenomeles speciosa

Oriental/Asian

Parlour palm

Chamaedorea elegans

American

Victorian Parlor Palm

Chamaedorea seifrizii

American

Mediterranean dwarf palm

Chamaerops humilis

European/Mediterranean

African corn flag

Chasmanthe aethiopica

African

Wintersweet

Chimonanthus praecox

Oriental/Asian

Spider plant

Chlorophytum comosum

African

Camphor tree

Cinnamomum camphora

Oriental/Asian

Chinese cassia / True cinnamon tree

Cinnamomum cassia / C. verum

Oriental/Asian

Grey-leaved cistus

Cistus albidus

European/Mediterranean

Bitter orange / Seville orange

Citrus aurantium

Oriental/Asian

Sweet lime

Citrus limetta

Oriental/Asian

Pommelo

Citrus maxima

Oceania

Myrtle-leaved orange tree

Citrus myrtifolia

Oriental/Asian

Mandarine

Citrus reticulata

Oriental/Asian

Orange-lemon graft

Citrus spp.

Oriental/Asian

Lemon

Citrus x limon

Oriental/Asian

Grapefruit

Citrus x paradisi

Oceania

Sweet orange

Citrus x sinensis

Oriental/Asian

Glory bower

Clerodendrum bungei

Oriental/Asian

Natal lily

Clivia miniata

African

Laurel-leaved snail tree

Cocculus laurifolius

Oriental/Asian

Coconut

Cocos nucifera

Oceania

Good luck plant

Cordyline fruticosa

Oriental/Asian

Pampas grass

Cortaderia selloana

American

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster spp.

Oriental/Asian

Common hawthorn

Crataegus monogyna

European/Mediterranean

Elfin herb

Cuphea hyssopifolia

American

Arizona cypress

Cupressus arizonica

American

Monterey cypress

Cupressus macrocarpa

American

Mediterranean cypress

Cupressus sempervirens

European/Mediterranean

Queen sago

Cycas circinalis

Oriental/Asian

King sago palm

Cycas revoluta

Oriental/Asian

Umbrella papyrus

Cyperus alternifolius / C. involucratus

African

Papyrus

Cyperus papyrus

European/Mediterranean

Japanese persimmon

Diospyros kaki

Oriental/Asian

American persimmon

Diospyros virginiana

American

Pink ball dombeya

Dombeya x cayeuxii

African

Drago

Dracaena draco

African

Showy dewflower

Drosanthemum floribundum

African

Golden dewdrop

Duranta repens

American

Russian olive

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Oriental/Asian

Silverthorn

Elaeagnus pungens

Oriental/Asian

Ebbinge's silverberry

Elaeagnus x ebbingei

Oriental/Asian

Eastern Cape blue cycad

Encephalartos horridus

African

Japanese medlar

Eriobotrya japonica

Oriental/Asian

Cockspur coral tree

Erythrina crista-galli

American

River red gum

Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Oceania

Tasmanian bluegum

Eucalyptus globulus

Oceania

Japanese euonymus

Euonymus japonicus

Oriental/Asian

Candelabra tree

Euphorbia ingens

African

Poinsettia

Euphorbia pulcherrima

American

European beech

Fagus sylvatica

European/Mediterranean

Feijoa

Feijoa sellowiana

American

Weeping fig

Ficus benjamina

Oriental/Asian

Common fig

Ficus carica

Oriental/Asian

Rubber fig

Ficus elastica

Oriental/Asian

Moreton Bay Fig

Ficus macrophylla

Oceania

Indian laurel

Ficus microcarpa

Oriental/Asian

Creeping fig

Ficus pumila

Oriental/Asian

Indian laurel

Ficus retusa

Oriental/Asian

Port Jackson fig

Ficus rubiginosa

Oceania

Chinese parasol tree

Firmiana simplex

Oriental/Asian

Narrow-leafed ash

Fraxinus angustifolia

European/Mediterranean

Ash

Fraxinus excelsior

European/Mediterranean

Manna ash

Fraxinus ornus

European/Mediterranean

Lindheimer's beeblossom

Gaura lindheimeri

American

Maidenhair tree

Ginkgo biloba

Oriental/Asian

Honey locust

Gleditsia triacanthos

American

Southern silky oak

Grevillea robusta

Oceania

Yellow ipê

Handroanthus chrysanthus / H. albus

American

Black Lapacho / Pink lapacho

Handroanthus heptaphyllus / H. impetiginosus

American

English ivy

Hedera helix

European/Mediterranean

Daylily

Hemerocallis spp.

Oriental/Asian

Cotton rosemallow

Hibiscus mutabilis

American

Chinese hibiscus

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Oriental/Asian

Rose mallow

Hibiscus syriacus

Oriental/Asian

White mallow

Hibiscus syriacus cv. 'White'

Oriental/Asian

Kentia palm

Howea forsteriana

Oceania

Japanese holly

Ilex crenata

Oriental/Asian

New Guinea impatiens

Impatiens hawkeri

Oceania

Morning glories

Ipomoea spp.

American

German iris

Iris germanica

European/Mediterranean

Fern tree / Jacaranda

Jacaranda mimosifolia

American

Lemon-scented jasmine

Jasminum azoricum

African

Royal jasmine / Spanish jasmine

Jasminum grandiflorum

Oriental/Asian

Italian jasmine / Yellow jasmine

Jasminum humile

Oriental/Asian

Primrose jasmine / Japanese jasmine

Jasminum mesnyi

Oriental/Asian

Jasmine / Common jasmine

Jasminum officinale

Oriental/Asian

Black walnut

Juglans nigra

American

Malabar nut

Justicia adhatoda

Oriental/Asian

Jacobinia

Justicia carnea

American

Goldenrain tree

Koelreuteria paniculata

Oriental/Asian

Crape myrtle

Lagerstroemia indica

Oriental/Asian

Itch tree

Lagunaria patersonia

Oceania

West indian lantana

Lantana camara

American

Small lantana

Lantana montevidensis

American

Laurel tree

Laurus nobilis

European/Mediterranean

English lavender

Lavandula angustifolia

European/Mediterranean

White leadtree

Leucaena leucocephala

American

Japanese privet

Ligustrum japonicum

Oriental/Asian

Chinese privet

Ligustrum lucidum

Oriental/Asian

Korean privet

Ligustrum ovalifolium

Oriental/Asian

Chinese privet

Ligustrum sinense

Oriental/Asian

American sweetgum

Liquidambar styraciflua

American

Chinese fan palm

Livistona chinensis

Oriental/Asian

Winter honeysuckle

Lonicera fragrantissima

Oriental/Asian

Golden-and-silver honeysuckle

Lonicera japonica

Oriental/Asian

Blue potato bush

Lycianthes rantonnetii

American

Southern magnolia

Magnolia grandiflora

American

Apple tree

Malus domestica

European/Mediterranean

Turkcap

Malvaviscus arboreus

American

Stock

Matthiola incana

European/Mediterranean

Bead-tree

Melia azedarach

Oriental/Asian

Giant honey flower

Melianthus major

African

Spanish lime

Melicoccus bijugatus

American

Medlar

Mespilus germanica

European/Mediterranean

Four o'clock flower

Mirabilis jalapa

American

Monstera deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa

American

Tree daisy

Montanoa bipinnatifida

American

White mulberry

Morus alba

Oriental/Asian

Kagayamae mulberry tree

Morus kagayamae

Oriental/Asian

Black mulberry

Morus nigra

Oriental/Asian

Maidenhair vine

Muehlenbeckia complexa

Oceania

Tapeworm Plant

Muehlenbeckia platyclados

Oceania

Musa acuminata

Musa acuminata

Oriental/Asian

Banana

Musa x paradisiaca

Oriental/Asian

Naio

Myoporum tenuifolium

Oceania

Nutmeg tree

Myristica fragrans

Oriental/Asian

African boxwood

Myrsine africana

African

Myrtle

Myrtus communis

European/Mediterranean

Sacred bamboo

Nandina domestica

Oriental/Asian

Narcissus

Narcissus spp.

European/Mediterranean

Fern / Nephrolepis

Nephrolepis spp.

American

Oleander

Nerium oleander

European/Mediterranean

Yellow pond-lily

Nuphar rubrodisca

American

White lotus

Nymphaea alba

European/Mediterranean

Olive tree

Olea europaea

European/Mediterranean

Opuntia

Opuntia spp.

American

Bower vine

Pandorea jasminoides

American

Palo verde

Parkinsonia aculeata

American

Princesstree

Paulownia tomentosa

Oriental/Asian

Crimson fountaingrass

Pennisetum setaceum

African

Baby rubberplant

Peperomia obtusifolia

American

Avocado

Persea americana

American

Sweet mock-orange

Philadelphus coronarius

European/Mediterranean

Sweet mock-orange / Fuzzy deutzia

Philadelphus coronarius / Deutzia scabra

European/Mediterranean

Canary Island date palm

Phoenix canariensis

African

Date palm

Phoenix dactylifera

European/Mediterranean

Senegal date palm

Phoenix reclinata

African

Harakeke / New Zealand flax

Phormium tenax

Oceania

Japanese photinia

Photinia glabra

Oriental/Asian

Chinese photinia

Photinia serratifolia

Oriental/Asian

Red tip photinia

Photinia x fraseri

American

Common Reed

Phragmites australis

European/Mediterranean

Fish pole bamboo

Phyllostachys aurea

Oriental/Asian

Black bamboo

Phyllostachys nigra

Oriental/Asian

Ombu

Phytolacca dioica

American

Canary island pine

Pinus canariensis

African

Aleppo pine

Pinus halepensis

European/Mediterranean

Maritime pine

Pinus pinaster

European/Mediterranean

Stone pine

Pinus pinea

European/Mediterranean

Long pepper

Piper longum

Oriental/Asian

Black pepper

Piper nigrum

Oriental/Asian

Lentisk / Mastic

Pistacia lentiscus

European/Mediterranean

Pittosporum coriaceum

Pittosporum coriaceum

African

Pitosporo de hojas tenues

Pittosporum tenuifolium

Oceania

Japanese pittosporum

Pittosporum tobira

Oriental/Asian

Old World Sycamore

Platanus orientalis

European/Mediterranean

Hybrid plane

Platanus x hispanica

European/Mediterranean

Oriental Arborvitae

Platycladus orientalis

Oriental/Asian

Blue plumbago

Plumbago auriculata

African

Podocarpus neriifolius

Podocarpus neriifolius

Oriental/Asian

Pink trumpet vine

Podranea ricasoliana

African

Myrtle-leaf milkwort

Polygala myrtifolia

African

Abele / Silver poplar

Populus alba

European/Mediterranean

Black poplar

Populus nigra

European/Mediterranean

Cherry plum

Prunus cerasifera

European/Mediterranean

Cherry plum

Prunus cerasifera var. 'pissardii'

European/Mediterranean

Plum tree

Prunus domestica

European/Mediterranean

Almond tree

Prunus dulcis

Oriental/Asian

Peach tree

Prunus persica

Oriental/Asian

Arrow bamboo

Pseudosasa japonica

Oriental/Asian

Common guava

Psidium guajava

American

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

Oriental/Asian

Scarlet firethorn

Pyracantha coccinea

European/Mediterranean

Flame vine / Orange trumpet

Pyrostegia venusta

American

Callery pear

Pyrus calleryana

Oriental/Asian

European pear

Pyrus communis

European/Mediterranean

Evergreen oak

Quercus ilex

European/Mediterranean

English oak

Quercus robur

European/Mediterranean

Cork oak

Quercus suber

European/Mediterranean

Mediterranean buckthorn

Rhamnus alaternus

European/Mediterranean

Broadleaf lady palm

Rhapis excelsa

Oriental/Asian

Castor oil plant

Ricinus communis

African

Black locust

Robinia pseudoacacia

American

Lady Banks' Rose

Rosa banksiae

Oriental/Asian

Rose

Rosa spp.

Oriental/Asian

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

European/Mediterranean

Elmleaf blackberry

Rubus ulmifolius

European/Mediterranean

Jew's myrtle

Ruscus spp.

European/Mediterranean

Fountainbush

Russelia equisetiformis

American

Dwarf palmetto

Sabal minor

American

Willow

Salix spp.

Oriental/Asian

Baby sage

Salvia microphylla

American

Sage

Salvia officinalis

European/Mediterranean

Indian sandalwood

Santalum album

Oriental/Asian

Cotton lavender

Santolina chamaecyparissus

European/Mediterranean

Octopus tree

Schefflera actinophylla

Oceania

Umbrella tree

Schefflera arboricola

Oceania

Peruvian peppertree

Schinus molle

American

Chilean pepper tree

Schinus polygama

American

Brazilian peppertree

Schinus terebinthifolia

American

Bamboo

Semiarundinaria fastuosa

Oriental/Asian

Verode

Senecio kleinia

African

Senecio lineatus

Senecio lineatus

African

Velvet groundsel

Senecio petasitis

American

Sesame

Sesamum indicum

Oriental/Asian

White mustard

Sinapis alba

European/Mediterranean

Cup-of-gold vine / Hawaiian lily

Solandra maxima

American

Solanum bonariense

Solanum bonariense

American

Reeves Spirea

Spiraea cantoniensis

Oriental/Asian

Strelitzia alba

Strelitzia alba

African

Bird of paradise

Strelitzia reginae

African

Japanese pagoda tree

Styphnolobium japonicum

Oriental/Asian

Queen palm

Syagrus romanzoffiana

American

Cloves

Syzygium aromaticum

Oriental/Asian

Marigold

Tagetes spp.

American

French tamarix

Tamarix gallica

European/Mediterranean

Bald cypress

Taxodium distichum

American

English yew

Taxus baccata

European/Mediterranean

Cape honeysuckle

Tecoma capensis

African

Araar

Tetraclinis articulata

European/Mediterranean

Chestnut vine

Tetrastigma voinerianum

Oriental/Asian

Tree germander

Teucrium fruticans

European/Mediterranean

Northern white-cedar

Thuja occidentalis

American

Pacific redcedar

Thuja plicata

American

Largeleaf linden

Tilia platyphyllos

European/Mediterranean

Common lime / Common linden

Tilia x europaea

European/Mediterranean

Rosewood

Tipuana tipu

American

Chusan palm

Trachycarpus fortunei

Oriental/Asian

Society garlic / Pink agapanthus

Tulbaghia violacea

African

Wych elm

Ulmus glabra

European/Mediterranean

Field elm

Ulmus minor

European/Mediterranean

Siberian elm

Ulmus pumila

Oriental/Asian

Navelwort

Umbilicus rupestris

European/Mediterranean

Unknown/Empty

Vacío/Desconocido/Apeo

Sweet viburnum

Viburnum odoratissimum

Oriental/Asian

Guelder rose

Viburnum opulus

European/Mediterranean

Sandanqua viburnum

Viburnum suspensum

Oriental/Asian

Eve price / Laurestine

Viburnum tinus

European/Mediterranean

Snail vine

Vigna caracalla

American

Bigleaf periwinkle

Vinca spp.

European/Mediterranean

Wood violet

Viola odorata

European/Mediterranean

Chasteberry

Vitex agnus-castus

European/Mediterranean

Vine

Vitis vinifera / Vitis spp.

Oriental/Asian

Desert fan palm

Washingtonia filifera

American

Mexican fan palm

Washingtonia robusta

American

Chinese wisteria

Wisteria sinensis

Oriental/Asian

Spanish bayonet

Yucca aloifolia

American

Blue-stem yucca

Yucca elephantipes

American

Yucca gloriosa

Yucca gloriosa

American

Arum lily

Zantedeschia aethiopica

Oriental/Asian

Ginger

Zingiber spp.

Oriental/Asian

Common zinnia

Zinnia elegans

American

Jujube

Ziziphus zizyphus

European/Mediterranean